Foundation Subjects

Art and Design

These embody some of the highest forms of human creativity. Through our thematic curriculum, we aim to engage, inspire and challenge pupils, equipping them with the knowledge and skills to experiment, invent and create their own works of art, craft and design. Pupils learn to become proficient in drawing, painting, sculpture and other art, craft and design techniques. They learn to evaluate and analyse creative works using the language of art and they learn about great artists, craft makers and designers, and understand the historical and cultural development of their art forms.


Pupils are taught the principles of information and computation, how digital systems work, and how to put this knowledge to use through programming. Building on this knowledge and understanding, pupils are equipped to use information technology to create programs, systems and a range of content. Computing also ensures that pupils become digitally literate – able to use, and express themselves and develop their ideas through, information and communication technology – at a level suitable for the future workplace and as active participants in a digital world. We are well equipped with computers, laptops and tablets and are aiming to reach a stage where pupils use these independently to access their learning.

Design and Technology

Using creativity and imagination, pupils design and make products that solve real and relevant problems within a variety of contexts, considering their own and others’ needs, wants and values. We aim to ensure our pupils develop the creative, technical and practical expertise needed to perform everyday tasks confidently. They learn to evaluate and test their ideas and products and to understand and apply the principles of nutrition and learn how to cook.

Geography and History

We aim to inspire in our pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. We equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.

We ensure our pupils gain knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world. We equip pupils to ask perceptive questions, think critically, weigh evidence, sift arguments, and develop perspective and judgement. History helps pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time.

We also take opportunities to teach pupils about the geography and history of the countries they or their families are originally from. We are always keen on families supporting us in this endeavour as they are the experts.


We believe that learning a foreign language provides an opening to other cultures.

In line with Burnt Mill Academy where the majority of our pupils attend, we have chosen to teach our pupils Spanish.

We aim for our pupils to understand and respond to spoken and written language from a variety of authentic sources and to speak with increasing confidence, fluency and spontaneity, finding ways of communicating what they want to say, including through discussion and asking questions, and continually improving the accuracy of their pronunciation and intonation.    


Our pupils perform, listen to, review and evaluate music across a range of historical periods, genres, styles and traditions, including the works of the great composers and musicians. They also learn to sing and to use their voices, to create and compose music on their own and with others and have the opportunity to learn a musical instrument.  In addition, they learn to understand and explore how music is created, produced and communicated, including through the inter-related dimensions: pitch, duration, dynamics, tempo, timbre, texture, structure and appropriate musical notations.

Physical Education

At Freshwaters, with the support of the specialist teachers at Burnt Mill Academy, we provide opportunities for pupils to become physically confident in a way which supports their health and fitness. Pupils have opportunities to compete in sport and other activities both intra and inter schools. These build character and help to embed values such as fairness and respect. Pupils learn gymnastics, dance and a range of skills to apply to team games.

We aim to ensure all our pupils:

  • develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities
  • are physically active for sustained periods of time
  • engage in competitive sports and activities
  • lead healthy, active lives.


Currently, swimming is taught in KS2, although pupils in the Early Years and KS1 are given opportunities to swim during the year. We have our own on-site covered swimming pool and swimming is taught by fully qualified instructors.

We aim to ensure that by the time our pupils leave at the end of Year 6, they can:

  • swim competently, confidently and proficiently over a distance of at least 25 metres
  • use a range of strokes effectively [for example, front crawl, backstroke and breaststroke]
  • perform safe self-rescue in different water-based situations.

Religious Education (RE) and Collective Worship

This is taught as directed under the terms of the 1988 Education Reform Act and in accordance with the Essex Syllabus for Religious Education. Assemblies are held daily, either in the hall or in classrooms. They are of a broadly Christian nature, however, pupils develop an awareness and understanding of the beliefs of others through the study of other world faiths. Parents have the right to withdraw their children from assemblies and part of RE but we would hope that our way of working avoids such action. If parents wish to withdraw their child, they are asked to speak to their class teacher in the first instance, followed by a letter and appointment with the head of school.

Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education

At Freshwaters, we follow the SEAL (Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning) curriculum to teach pupils some aspects of:

  • new beginnings
  • good to be me
  • anti-bullying
  • getting on and falling out
  • going for goals
  • changes
  • relationships

In addition to this, we teach the pupils about the effects of different drugs on the mind and body and about the value of money.

Sex and Relationships Education (SRE)

At Freshwaters we teach our pupils about changes, growing up and relationships from the Early Years. We do this in order to enable them to be aware of choices available to them and so to make responsible and informed decisions about their lives. Pupils learn how their bodies work and how they will grow, change and develop. We follow the curriculum  devised by the Christopher Winter Project ( which consists of a minimum of three lessons for each class, which usually take place in the summer term.  Parents have the right to withdraw from the PSHE aspects but not the science aspects of SRE.  For further information, see the Sex and Relationships Policy.